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Num. 5 - Summer / Fall 2017

This is the fifth issue of the Missouri Policy Journal and we are proud of reaching this many issues knowing that more are planned for the years ahead.

The Missouri General Assembly term that ended in May 2017, failed to pass an ethics reform bill. The bill made some headway in the Missouri House of Representatives but failed to get anywhere in the Senate. Governor Eric Greitens made ethics reform an issue in his 2016 campaign when running for Governor. The article in the current issue on former Missouri Congressman Richard Bolling (who served in the House of Representatives from 1949 to 1983) addresses how Bolling looked at ethics reform. While the article in this issue may be seen as focused on Congress and not the Missouri General Assembly, it nevertheless provides insight into how to look at ethics reform regardless of which legislature is the focus of attention. It might be assumed that ethics reform will return as an issue in the Missouri General Assembly and this article may help to provide insight into how this issue should be approached.

The two articles on Ban the Box are an outgrowth of a conference that was held at Lindenwood University. Those who have been released from prison, after serving their time, will need to re-enter the workforce and both articles address how to examine that issue with the focus on Missouri.

Joseph Cernik



Cover: Photo by Tom Gasko - The Vacuum Cleaner Museum (St. James, Missouri) is dedicated to celebrating and preserving the history of Vacuum Cleaner. Starting before they had motors to the most recent introductions, the Vacuum Cleaner Museum divides these amazing machines into their decade of production. The original advertising is displayed in each decade-themed room, making the transition from decade to decade an easy one. Learn why vacuum cleaners have headlights, as well as take a peek into the inner workings of period machines (both motorized as well as non-motorized models). Tours of the Vacuum Cleaner Museum are FREE. Souvenir shop available with T-Shirts, Pens, Tote bags, Key Chains, as well as vacuum cleaner Ornaments. The Vacuum Museum, #3 Industrial Drive, St. James, Missouri is open Monday – Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Copy Editor: Shelley Walton



Congressman Richard Bolling and Missouri Ethics Reform

Rebekkah Stuteville

Ethics reform for government institutions in the United States has followed an uneven path since modern reform efforts began in earnest in the 1970s in the wake of Watergate. Ethics reform is arguably a “reactive” and “piecemeal process” that has been “undertaken defensively.” In the traditional cycle, ethics reform rises on the public’s agenda after scandals have been uncovered; public officials then become concerned about the reputation of their institutions and their own electoral prospect. Then, in response, regulations are crafted to prevent a reoccurrence of behaviors. Once an ethical problem is addressed through a regulatory “fix,” ethics reform becomes less salient to the public.

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Challenges with Ban the Box

Scott Anders

The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports if current trends continue, one in 15 adults and one in three African-American males will be imprisoned during their lifetime. A woman is eight times more likely to be incarcerated now than she was in the 1980s. As of today, one in 99 adults are imprisoned and one in 32 adults are on probation or parole. If an employer has a policy to exclude applicants who have a felony conviction, they are significantly limiting the number of qualified applicants. The ban the box campaign was created to remove this barrier at the application phase by asking employers to omit a check box regarding criminal records, while still allowing for criminal history to be considered prior to the job offer.

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Missouri Among States Pursuing Fair-Chance Hiring Reforms

Michelle Natividad Rodriguez
Jeanette Mott Oxford

The United States has the appalling distinction of leading the world with its incarceration rate, which is five times that of other countries. One in thirty-five U.S. adults is under some form of correctional supervision. The result is that seventy million people—nearly one in three U.S. adults—must endure the stigma of having an arrest or conviction record. Any contact with the criminal justice system, no matter how minor, can be a modern-day scarlet letter.

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Guidelines For Authors

Providing a guideline as to the length of articles submitted is difficult since we aim to publish pieces which cover a topic in-depth and with a policy emphasis. Potential authors may want to contact the editor (jcernik@lindenwood.etestdu) to better determine relevancy and length. We are interested in receiving proposals for articles and will quickly respond to such inquiries. We are interested in a wide variety of issues affecting Missouri affairs. Furthermore, our interest can extend to topics that touch upon interstate and Midwest issues that highlight Missouri. National issues that focus on Missouri are equally welcome. Bear in mind that the words “detached and analytical” and “can be read by the average educated adult reader” used in the Purpose Statement are of paramount importance. Submissions will be sent to a reviewer (Missouri Policy Journal is a peer review journal) as well as a copy editor.

The basic standards are that submissions use the Chicago Manual (sometimes known as the Turabian) style of footnoting. An abstract will also be needed. Footnotes should be at the bottom of the page on which you cited the source. Authors can see the footnote style by examining a current issue and by examining guidelines here: A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Please note that when citing online sources you need to include in your footnote the date you accessed the source and a link to the article or study in addition to the standard footnote information, such as title of the article or study, author’s name (where applicable), page number (if there is one), date, etc. (You can see examples of footnotes for both print and online sources by visiting the link to Turabian footnotes above.) Because the Internet is constantly changing and the link to the source you cited may be gone by the time we publish an issue, including the access date shows the reader that the link was active when you conducted research, and making sure to include the other source details regarding title, date, etc., ensures that the reader can still find the original source should they so desire. If much time has passed from when you started your research to the time you send us the article, please check to see if the link still works—if it doesn't and you can find the information at a new, working link, please use the working link in your footnote. If the information is simply gone and you can’t find another link, please include the original link you used (with full source information and the access date, readers will understand that the link was active at the time you conducted research).

The journal will be published twice a year (Fall/Winter and Spring/Summer). For the most part, we aim for four articles per issue. In addition, we are interested in shorter pieces by policymakers for a segment titled “One Perspective.” These pieces are not necessarily written in the same way articles are written, but are more like commentary pieces, or they might provide insight policymakers, public officials, newspaper editors, and journalists would like to share. Furthermore, we are also interested in review pieces which address publications or websites that are relevant to Missouri.

Editorial Board

Joseph A. Cernik, PhD
Chair, Department of Public Affairs & Administration
Professor of Political Science & Public Administration
Lindenwood University

Howard J. Wall, PhD
Associate Editor
Professor of Economics
Director, Hammond Institute for Free Enterprise
Lindenwood University

Jeanie Thies, PhD
Professor of Political Science
Director, Master of Public Administration (MPA) Program
Lindenwood University

Eric Click, PhD
Associate Professor and Program Coordinator, Public Administration
MPA Area Coordinator-BGGS; ASPA Secretariat to IPAC
Park University
Hauptmann School of Public Affairs

Rik Hafer, PhD
Professor of Economics
Director, Center for Economics and the Environment
Lindenwood University

Jessica Loyet Gracy, PhD
Assistant Professor of Political Science
Northwest Missouri State University

Bryan Duckham, PhD, MSW, LCSW
Associate Professor
MSW Program Director
Department of Social Work
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Board of Oversight

Board members represent a variety of professions. The views expressed in the articles are the authors’ alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board, the members of the Board of Oversight, or Lindenwood University. Board members are involved by: 1) suggesting topics that should be addressed in future issues of the journal, and; 2) sometimes recommending people to write articles (following the guidelines for authors). Their input is valuable to the journal being relevant to Missouri affairs.

Ted House
Circuit Judge
Division 1, 11th Judicial Circuit Court

Mike Ferguson
Missouri Viewpoints
Missouri Watchdog

Lindenwood University
209 S. Kingshighway
St. Charles, MO 63301