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Is the use of lethal injection constitute cruel and unusual punishment?  Is the use of capital punishment cruel and unusual punishment?  These questions are nothing new when it comes to the debate of the use of capital punishment.  Historically, punishments have ranged from shaming at the stockades to death by firing squad.  Today’s punishments are ever-shaping and will always be controversial discussion.

Students taking this course will explore the major tenants of the Eighth Amendment:

  • Bail cannot be Excessive

  • Fines cannot be Excessive

  • Right against Cruel & Unusual Punishment

Lindenwood University
209 S. Kingshighway
St. Charles, MO 63301