The Journal of International and Global Studies provides a peer reviewed multidisciplinary forum for the critical discussion of and reflections on the consequences of globalization throughout the world. The Journal of International and Global Studies is an Open Access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, review essays, or book reviews, or use them for any other lawful purposes, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. The editors welcome essays and book reviews that deal with globalization from economists, historians, political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, geographers, linguists, religious, ethnic, or environmental studies specialists, cross-cultural education, media and communication researchers, or other humanities or social science scholars that have an international and global focus. One of our goals is to help undermine the fragmentation of specialization within the international academy by emphasizing broad interdisciplinary approaches to the comprehension of globalization in all of its many different forms and implications for different regions of the world.
Publications Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Center for International and Global Studies, Lindenwood University
Chief Editor: Raymond Scupin, PhD
Director: Center for International & Global Studies, Lindenwood University
Associate Editor: C. Dale Walton PhD
Associate Professor of International Relations
Assistant Editor: Joseph Cernik, PhD
Professor of Political Science, Lindenwood University
Editorial Assistants: Rebecca Goulart, Shelley Walton, and Erin Kalkbrenner
International Advisory Board
Isiaka Alani Badmus, PhD - Afe Babalola University (Ado Ekiti, Nigeria): Peace and Conflict Studies
Isiaka Alani Badmus is a Nigerian Social Scientist who studied International Relations; Peace and Conflict Research; Democracy and Diversity; and Modern European Languages (French Language and Civilization) in Nigeria, Australia and Sweden, the United States of America and South Africa, and Côte d’Ivoire respectively. He also studied Law at the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. He earned his PhD in Peace Studies from the University of New England, Australia. He is a Senior Lecturer in Peace and Conflict Studies at Afe Babalola University (Ado Ekiti, Nigeria). Badmus is the author of The African Union’s Role in Peacekeeping: Building on Lessons Learned from Security Operations and Managing Arms in Peace Processes: ECOWAS and the West African Civil Conflicts. He has contributed well over 40 essays as chapters in books and articles in leading specialist and Africanist journals in the fields of Security Sector Reform; Afro-Asia Relations; disarmament and arms control in West Africa, UN peacekeeping in Africa, the African Union's peace and security regime and AU-mandated peace operations, post-conflict peacebuilding and the “responsibility to protect” in Africa.
David L. Carr, PhD - University of California Santa Barbara: Geography
David L. Carr is an Associate Professor of Geography at the University of California Santa Barbara. His most recent publications include a co-edited volume Handbook of Human Dimensions of Environmental Change (2009), Population, Health, and Environment: An evaluation of WWF?s USAID and Johnson & Johnson-supported projects (2008), and ?Migration and Tropical Deforestation: Why Population Matters? in Progress in Human Geography (2008).
A. Peter Castro, PhD – Syracuse University: Anthropology, International Development
Peter Castro is an Associate Professor of Anthropology and a Robert D. McClure Professor of Teaching Excellence in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. His publications include co-editing Climate Change and Threatened Communities: Vulnerability, Capacity, and Action (2012), which featured his case studies of eastern Amhara, Ethiopia, and central Darfur in Sudan. He wrote Facing Kirinyaga: A Social History of Forest Commons in Southern Mount Kenya (1995), and also co-edited Negotiation and Mediation Techniques for Natural Resource Management: Case Studies and Lessons Learned (2007) and Natural Resource Conflict Management Case Studies: An Analysis of Power, Participation and Protected Areas (2003). He has numerous publications in academic journals and edited volumes. Dr. Castro has been a consultant for the Near East Foundation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Interagency Framework for Coordination on Preventative Action, the United States Agency for International Development, BASIS Collaborative Research Program, CARE, and other organizations. In 2011 he received an Excellence in Graduate Education Faculty Recognition Award from the Graduate School at Syracuse University. In 2017 Dr. Castro received the Syracuse University Martin Luther King Junior Unsung Hero Award.
Omar Farouk, PhD - Hiroshima City University: Comparative Politics
Omar Farouk is Professor of Comparative Politics in the Faculty of International Studies/Graduate School of International Studies at Hiroshima City University. He completed his Bachelor of Arts with First Class Honors at the University of Malaya and his PhD in Government and Politics at the University of Kent at Canterbury. He has taught at Hiroshima Shudo University, Yamaguchi University, Leiden University, and the University of Wisconsin (Stephens Point). He has been an International Election Observer in Thailand, Nepal, and Afghanistan. His most recent publications include Hiroshima and Peace co-co-authored with Carol Rinnert and Inoue Hiroshi, Islam at the Margins: The Muslims of Indochina co-edited with Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Population Movement Beyond the Middle East: Migration, Diaspora and Network co-authored with Akira Usuki and Yamagishi Tomoko, Islam and Civil Society in Southeast Asia co-edited with Mitsuo Nakamura and Sharon Siddique and The Dynamics of Islamisation, Arabisation and Localisation in the Malay World.
Joan Ferrante, PhD - Northern Kentucky University: Sociology
Joan Ferrante is a Professor of Sociology at Northern Kentucky University. She is well-known for her globally-oriented book Sociology: A Global Perspective (2007). She has also co-authored Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity in the United States (2000).
Antonio Fiori, PhD - University of Bologna: Comparative Politics
Antonio Fiori is The Korea Foundation Endowment Chair and Professor of Political Science and Comparative Politics at the University of Bologna in Bologna, Italy. His most recent publications include "The Dynamics of Welfare Policy-Making in South Korea: Social Movements as Policy Entrepreneurs," (with Sunhyuk Kim), in Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 5, pp. 61-78. 2011 "La Cina in Africa: un primo bilancio" (China in Africa: a Close Examination), in G. Calchi Novati (a cura di), La base del triangolo. L'Asia e i rapporti Sud-Sud nel mondo globale (Asia and South-South Relations in the Global World), Roma: Carocci (forthcoming). 2011 "I costi della riunificazione" (Reunification Costs in Korea), Atlante di Geopolitica, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana (forthcoming). 2011 "Lo sviluppo del programma nucleare nordcoreano" (The Development of North Korean Nuclear Program), Atlante di Geopolitica, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana.
B.M. Jain, PhD- Indian Council of Social Science (ICSSR), Political Science
Dr. B.M. Jain is a Senior Fellow, Indian Council of Social Science (ICSSR). He was formerly a professor of political science at South Asia Studies Centre, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur. He has been visiting professor at the University of British Columbia ,Okanagan Campus, Visiting Professor at Cleveland State University, Visiting Professor at State University of New York at Binghamton, UNESCO Chair for Peace, Jaume University, Castellon, Spain, Visiting Fellow, University of Hong Kong, Summer Visiting Scholar, the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, Visiting Scholar, Henry L. Stimson Centre, Gerald Ford Foundation Grantee, Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Visiting Fellow, Institute for Far Eastern Studies, Seoul.
Dr. Jain has authored/edited over twenty books. His recent books include China’s Soft Power Diplomacy in South Asia: Myth or Reality? India-US Relations in the Age of Uncertainty, Global Power : India’s Foreign Policy, India in the New South Asia, Conflict and Peace in South Asia, ed.( , and also Nuclear Politics in South Asia, South Asian Security : Problems and Prospects. He has been a reviewer of many international journals such as Pacific Affairs, Contemporary South Asia and South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. Dr. Jain has also published nearly one hundred research papers. He established the Indian Journal of Asian Affairs and is currently Editor-in-Chief of the journal.
Theodore Karasik, PhD - Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis (INEGMA): Middle Eastern Affairs
Theodore Karasik is currently the Director of Research and Development at the Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis (INEGMA) in Dubai, UAE and Beirut, Lebanon. He is also an Adjunct Lecturer at the Dubai School of Government where he teaches graduate level international relations. Dr. Karasik is also a Lecturer at Middlesex University Dubai where he teaches Social Science. Karasik was a Senior Political Scientist in the International Policy and Security Group at RAND Corporation. From 2002-2003, he served as Director of Research for the RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy. He has worked on Central Asian, Russian, Caucasian and Arabian Peninsula issues for 20 years regarding security and terrorism questions including transnational terrorist groups, clan structures and politics, and criminal organizations. Since 9/11, Dr. Karasik has also concentrated on terrorist targeting and tactics regarding critical infrastructure in the United States, Europe, and the GCC states. While working for a RAND client, he developed a new field of study entitled "Saudiology" that explored the nexus between the ruling elites, clerics, and tribes. He is also working closely with the security sector of numerous countries and institutions on innovation and strategic thinking. He is a military analyst on al-Jazeera International and is frequently interviewed by The National, Reuters, Trends News Agency, and AFP.
Ronald Kephart, PhD - University of North Florida: Anthropology
Ronald Kephart is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of North Florida, where he teaches courses in linguistics, Spanish, and anthropology. His interests include the structure of Caribbean Creole languages and their use in education, race and ethnicity issues, and human evolution. He is the author of ?Broken English?: The Creole Language of Carriacou (Peter Lang, 2000), and a co-author of Meeting Anthropology Phase to Phase (Carolina Academic Press, 2000). He has also published a number of articles on the use of Creole English in literacy education.
Carool Kersten, PhD - Kings College London: Religious Studies
Carool Kersten is a lecturer in Islamic Studies at King's College London. His research interests include Islam in global and transnational contexts, the intellectual history of the contemporary Muslim world, Islam in Southeast Asia, and theory and methods for the study of religions. Before his move to London, he was a faculty member at the Center for International and Graduate Studies at Payap University in Thailand. Prior to that he worked in various corporate functions in Saudi Arabia. He has a PhD in the study of religions from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, an MA (cum laude) in Arabic Language and Culture from Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands), and a certificate in Southeast Asian Studies from Payap University'.
Joseph Chinyong Liow, PhD - Nanyang Technological University in Singapore: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
Joseph Liow is an Associate Professor of Political Science and Associate Dean at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He is a member of S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, an important think-tank in Asia. His most recent publications include Islam, Education, and Reform in Southern Thailand: Tradition and Transformation ( 2009); Piety and Politics: Islamism in Contemporary Malaysia (2009); Order and Security in Southeast Asia: Essays in Memory of Michael Leifer (2005); The Politics of Indonesia-Malaysia Relations: One Kin, Two Nations (2005); ?Political Islam in Southeast Asia: One Ummah, Many Narratives? (with Rohaisa Asi), Harvard Asia Pacific Review, (2008). ?Islamic Education in Southern Thailand: Negotiating Islam, Identity, and Modernity? in Robert W. Hefner (ed.), Making Modern Muslims: The Politics of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia (2008).
Gordon Mathews, PhD - Chinese University of Hong Kong: Anthropology
Gordon Mathews is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has written What Makes Life Worth Living? How Japanese and Americans Make Sense of Their Worlds (1996) and Global Culture /Individual Identity: Searching for Home in the Cultural Supermarket (2000), and co-authored Hong Kong, China: Learning to Belong to a Nation(2007); he has co-edited Consuming Hong Kong (2001) and Japan?s Changing Generations(2004).
James H. McDonald, PhD - University of Montevallo
James H. McDonald serves as Provost and Professor of Arts and Sciences at the University of Montevallo. His interests in include rural development, political culture, and security and governance dynamics in Mexico and Guatemala. His work includes Crisis of Governance in Maya Guatemala: Indigenous Responses to a Failing State (University of Oklahoma Press, 2013), The Applied Anthropology Reader (Allyn & Bacon, 2002), along with a number of articles, book chapters, and reviews.
Goran Mirascic, PhD - Economic Policy Advisor for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Political Economy
Goran Mirascic is an Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics at University Sarajevo School of Science and Technology & Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics at Open University "Apeiron" Travnik. He is also Economic Policy Advisor to the Vice President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dr. Mirascic has done an extensive research on international financial institutions and coordination of macroeconomic policies on the international level. He has published number of articles covering political economy, macroeconomic stabilization, economic globalization, eurozone, and international financial institutions. He is currently analyzing implications of Greek crisis on the monetary union. Dr. Mirascic serves as an Economic Policy Advisor to the Vice President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Charmaine Misalucha-Willoughby, PhD-De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines: International Studies
Charmaine Misalucha-Willoughby is an Associate Professor in the International Studies Department of De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines. Her areas of specialization are ASEAN’s external relations, security cooperation, and critical international relations theory. She was a Joint Fellow in the Institute of East Asian Studies and the Käte Hamburger Kolleg Centre for Global Cooperation Research at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany, an Advanced Security Cooperation Fellow (ASC15-2) at the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu, a Visiting Research Fellow under a Japan Foundation grant in the Osaka School of International Public Policy at Osaka University in Japan, and a recipient of the inaugural US-ASEAN Fulbright Program in the School of International Service at American University in Washington, DC. She received her PhD from the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.
Gyan Pradhan, PhD - Christopher Newport University: Economics
Gyan Pradhan is Chair and Professor, Department of Economics at Christopher Newport University. He has taught at the University of New Hampshire, Westminster College, Washington University in St. Louis, and Berea College. He has been a consultant with the World Bank and other international organizations. His recent publications include “Another empirical look at the theory of overlapping demands” (with D. Dhakal & K. Upadhyaya), Economia Internazionale/International Economics (2011); “Another empirical look at the Kuznets Curve” (with R. Bhandari & M. Upadhyay), International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research (2010); “Exchange rate volatility and foreign direct investment: evidence from East Asian countries,” (with D. Dhakal, D. Nag & K. Upadhyaya), International Business and Economics Research Journal (2010); “Trade, foreign direct investment and economic growth in selected South Asian countries” (with D. Dhakal & K. Upadhyaya), Indian Journal of Economics and Business (2010); “Nepal’s civil war and its economic costs,” Journal of International and Global Studies (2009); “Nepal and Bhutan: economic growth in two Shangri Las” (with D. Dhakal & K. Upadhyaya), International Journal of Social Economics (2009); “Remittances and economic growth in developing countries” (with M. Upadhyay & K. Upadhyay), European Journal of Development Research (2008).
Archanya Ratana-Ubol, PhD - Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, International Higher Education
Archanya Ratana-Ubol is Associate Professor at Non- formal Education Division in the Department of Educational Policy, Management and Leadership, Faculty of Education at Chulalongkorn University. She earned her MA and PhD at the University of Missouri St. Louis. Her specialty is Non-formal education and has been a consultant on developing life-long learning and education throughout the rural and urban areas in Thailand. She has published numerous books and articles on these topics. Her most recent book is Action Learning: From Theory to Practices in Non-formal Education and Informal Education. She has been engaged in reforming education at all levels, including higher education in Thailand.
Chaiwat Satha-Anand, PhD - Thammasat University, Bangkok: Political Science
Chaiwat Satha-Anand is Professor of Political Science at Thammasat University in Bangkok. His research interests include religions and nonviolence/violence and nonviolent security policies. Some of his works have been translated and published in Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, Italian, German, Japanese and Korean. His most recent books include: (as editor) Imagined Land?:Solving Southern Violence in Thailand (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, 2009); Essays on the Three Prophets: Nonviolence, Murder and Forgiveness (Abrahamic Interfaith Group, University of Otago, 2011) He is now Chair of the Strategic Nonviolence Commission, Thailand Research Fund and Senior Research Fellow with the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research.
Shirin Saeidi, PhD - George Mason University: International Studies
Shirin Saeidi is a citizen of both Iran and the United States. She recently completed a post-doctoral fellow at the Kate Hamburger Kolleg Center for Global Cooperation Research in Duisburg, Germany. She earned a PhD in International Studies from Cambridge University, UK. Dr. Saeidi’s research evolves out of her broader interest in the categories and the concepts that academics apply to the non-western world. She contributes to this effort by using her in-depth knowledge on the Middle East to re-examine key aspects of contemporary social and political theory. Her research interests focus on several of interrelated fields of study: the politics of state formation; citizenship; Iranian nationalism and state-building. In sum, Dr. Saeidi’s research is interdisciplinary, and revolves around her desire to understand how people's agency at the local level influences national and transnational politics in the Middle East. She is particularly interested to understand the political ramifications of citizenship structures in hybrid regimes. She is fluent in Farsi and spent 2012 to nearly 2015, carrying out fieldwork for several research projects in Iran. She is one of the few, if not only, American researcher to have been based at the University of Tehran for several years. She will teach a course on Comparative Politics at George Mason University, Fairfax VA.
Richard Wilk, PhD - Indiana University: Anthropology
Richard Wilk is a Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University. He has written Economies and Cultures: Foundations of Economic Anthropology (1996), Household Ecology: Economic Change and Domestic Life Among the Kekchi Maya of Belize (1991), and co-authored Ethnic Minorities in Belize: Mopan, Kekchi and Garifuna (1990), Globalization and the Environment (2002), Fast Food/ Slow Food: The Cultural Economy of the Global Food System (2006), and The Environment in Anthropology (2005)
Hui Faye Xiao, PhD - University of Kansas: East Asian Language and Literature
Hui Faye Xiao is Assistant Professor in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of Kansas. Her recent publications have appeared in Journal of Chinese Cinemas, Modern Chinese Literature and Culture, Journal of Contemporary China, and Gender and Modernity in Global Youth Cultures. Currently she is finishing a book entitled Family Revolution in Post-Revolutionary China: Divorce in Literature and Visual Culture, 1980-2010 (under contract with the University of Washington Press).
Imtiyaz Yusuf, PhD - Mahidol University, Thailand, Buddhist and Islamic Studies
Imtiyaz Yusuf is Assistant Professor, Lecturer and Director of the Center for Buddhist-Muslim Understanding in the College of Religious Studies at Mahidol University in Thailand and Senior Fellow at the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, (ACMCU) Georgetown University, Washington D.C., USA.
He specializes in Religion with a focus on Islam in Thailand and Southeast Asia and also Muslim-Buddhist dialogue. In 2009-2010, he was visiting Associate Professor and Malaysia Chair of Islam in Southeast Asia at ACMCU, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.
Yusuf has contributed to the Oxford Encyclopedia of Islamic World (2009); Oxford Dictionary of Islam (2003); Encyclopedia of Qur'an (2002); and Oxford Encyclopedia of Modern Islamic World (1995). He was also the special Editor, The Muslim World - A Special Issue on Islam and Buddhism Vol. 100, Nos 2-3 April/July 2010.
Yusuf‘s most recent publication are: “Muslim-Buddhist Relations Caught between Nalanda and Pattani” in Ethnicity and Conflict in Buddhist Societies in South and Southeast Asia, K.M. de Silva (ed.) (Colombo: Vijitha Yapa, 2015); "Islam and Buddhism: From Coexistence to Dialogue" in Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Interreligious Dialogue, Catherine Cornille (ed.) (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, Inc, 2013), Chapter 22. He also published following articles, “Islamic Theology of Religious Pluralism: Quran’s Attitude Towards Other Religions” Prajna Vihara, Vol. 11, No. 1 January-June 2010: Yusuf often writes on Islam, religion and the Middle East for the Bangkok Post and The Nation.
Zhiqun Zhu, PhD - Bucknell University, International Relations
Dr. Zhiqun Zhu is John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Chair in East Asian Politics and Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Bucknell University in Pennsylvania, USA. His research and teaching interests include International Relations theory, East Asian political economy, and Chinese politics and foreign policy. His recent books include New Dynamics in East Asian Politics: Security, Political Economy, and Society (Continuum, 2012), Global Studies: China (13th and 14th editions, McGraw-Hill, 2011, 2009); China’s New Diplomacy: Rationale, Strategies and Significance (Ashgate, 2010); The People’s Republic of China Today: Internal and External Challenges (World Scientific Publishing, 2010); Understanding East Asia’s Economic “Miracles” (Association for Asian Studies, 2009); and US-China Relations in the 21st Century: Power Transition and Peace (Routledge, 2006).